Know the Major Risk Factors of Heart Disease
Heart disease can have many risk factors. These risk factors could be behavioral or congenital. Here in this article, we try to enlist major risk factors for heart disease that are responsible for heart diseases in most of the patients. We will look deep into these factors so that we can understand ways to avoid them. Conditions such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes can increase the risk of heart diseases. Let us study the behaviors and other characteristics that aggravate these conditions and contribute to risk factors of heart disease.
Behavior that Increases the Risk of Health Disease
• Obesity and Overweight
In some people, obesity is in itself a condition but with most people, it is due to their inactive lifestyle. The extra weight leads to high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes which are all conditions that increase the risk of heart disease. Follow an active lifestyle and a healthy diet to reduce your weight as even a 5-10 % decrease in weight will help in improving the condition of your heart.
• Smoking and Alcohol Consumption
Most of the people have this misconception that smoking only harms their lungs. They fail to realize that smoking also increases the heart rate, creates irregularities in heartbeats, and tightens the arteries. All these make the heart work harder than it does in a person who doesn’t smoke. Also, smoking is responsible for raising blood pressure which is also a contributing risk factor.
Apart from smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol also leads to heart problems such as irregular heartbeats, stroke, blood pressure, and cardiomyopathy. The added calories in alcohol also lead to weight gain.
• Physical Inactivity
People who don’t follow an active lifestyle or exercise regularly are at a higher risk of falling prey to heart disease than people who do. Exercise helps in reducing weight and control your sugar level hence controlling the two major conditions namely obesity and diabetes. Exercising also reduces blood pressure and keeps the muscles of your heart strong. So being active and doing even a moderate-intensity exercise consistently can reduce the risk factors of heart disease.
Family history and other characteristics that increase the risk of heart disease
Family History: The risk of heart disease runs in the family. If you’re your family member had heart disease of any cardiovascular disorder than you are also at a high risk of developing heart disease. Other conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity or diabetes also running in the family and thus could be a hereditary factor of heart disease.
Other Factors: Apart from these, there are other risk factors such as age, excessive stress, sex hormones, gender and birth control pills are among other risk factors that contribute to the risk of a heart attack.
So, we have studied the major risk factors of heart disease and the ways to avoid them. The risk factors related to age or family history may be unavoidable but if you can work on reducing the behavioral risk factors than chances of having heart disease will be significantly reduced.